The Nobel Prizes established by the will of the great Alfred Nobel in 1895 and awarded since 1901; the others being the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, The Nobel Prize in Physics, Nobel Prize in Literature, Nobel Peace Prize, and Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
We have curated a list of top 10 Nobel Prizes winners of 2017
The Nobel Prize in Literature 2017 Winner: Kazuo Ishiguro
“who, in novels of great emotional force, has uncovered the abyss beneath our illusory sense of connection with the world”
The Nobel Prize in Literature is the world’s most prestigious literature prize, awarded annually since 1901 to an author who, in the words of Alfred Nobel, produced “in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction.” Until today, the prestigious Nobel Literary prize has been established total one hundred nine times. There are 14 women have won the Nobel Prize in Literary, Mr Kazuo Ishiguro was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature 2017, on Thursday.
The Nobel Prize in Physics 2017 Winner: Rainer Weiss, Barry C. Barish & Kip S. Thorne
“for vital initiatives to the LIGO indicator and the proclamation of gravitational waves”.
The Nobel Prize in Physics 2017 was divided, one half awarded to Rainer Weiss, the other half jointly Kip S. Thorne and to Barry C. Barish
LIGO, the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory, is a collaborative project with over one thousand researchers from over 20 countries. The 2017 Nobel Laureates have, with their eagerness and strength of mind, each been invaluable to the success of LIGO.
Pioneers Rainer Weiss and Kip S. Thorne and Barry C. Barish, the scientist and leader who brought the project to conclusion, ensured that 40 years of the effort led to gravitational waves finally being observed.
In the middle 1970s, The scientist Rainer Weiss had already analysed possible sources of background noise that would disturb measurements and had also intended a detector, a laser-based interferometer, which would conquer this noise.
Early on, both Rainer Weiss and Kip Thorne and were firmly convinced that gravitational waves could be detected and bring about a revolution in our knowledge of the universe.
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2017: Jacques Dubochet, Joachim Frank and Richard Henderson
“for developing cryo-electron microscopy for the high-resolution structure determination of biomolecules in solution”
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2017 is awarded to Jacques Dubochet, Joachim Frank and Richard Henderson for the development of cryo-electron microscopy, which both simplifies and gets better the imaging of biomolecules. This method has stimulated biochemistry into a new era.
Richard Henderson succeeded in using an electron microscope to generate a three-dimensional image of a protein at atomic resolution. This breakthrough proved the technology’s potential.
Joachim Frank made the technology usually applicable. Between 1975 & 1986 he developed an image processing method in which the electron microscopes fuzzy two-dimensional images are analysed and merged to expose a sharp three-dimensional structure.
Jacques Dubochet added water to electron microscopy. Liquid water evaporates in the electron microscopes vacuum, which builds the biomolecules collapse. In the early 1980s, Dubochet succeeded in vitrifying water -he cooled water so quickly that it solidified in its liquid form around a biological sample, allowing the biomolecules to retain their natural shape even in a vacuum.
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2017: Jeffrey C. Hall, Michael Rosbash and Michael W. Young
“for their discoveries of molecular mechanisms controlling the circadian rhythm”
U.S. born scientists Jeffrey Hall, Michael Rosbash, and Michael Young won the 2017 Nobel Prize in Physiology or drugs for their discoveries of molecular mechanisms controlling our biological clocks, the award-giving body said on Monday.
The mechanisms help explain problems such as why people travelling long distances over several time zones often suffer jet gap and they have wider implications for health such as increased risk for certain diseases.
The three great scientists discoveries explain how plants, animals, and humans adapt their biological rhythm so that it is synchronized with the Earth’s revolutions.
The Nobel Peace Prize 2017: The 2017 Nobel Peace Prize has not been awarded yet. It will be announced on Friday 6 October, 11:00 a.m. The 2017 Prize in Economic Sciences will be announced on Monday 9 October, 11:45 a.m. at the earliest.
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